Response to post on Depressive disorder and Cognitive therapy

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Please write 300-word response to the post below (2 parts) Part One Depressive disorder is a mental illness that has become extremely common throughout the lives of all generations, especially teens. In simple terms, depression is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. Harvard Health Publishing says, “[…] there are many possible causes of depression, including faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems. It’s believed that several of these forces interact to bring on depression,” (Harvard, 2009). I was diagnosed with depression in 2014 due to a series of brain injuries caused by sports accidents. Because I suffered multiple blows to the head and didn’t let my brain heal properly, my brain stopped producing a sufficient amount of Serotonin (the happy chemical). This caused me to become suicidal, distant, eventually home-schooled, and overall severely depressed. Depression causes people to draw away from everything. It can cause insomnia, difficulty with concentration, weight loss/gain, restlessness, anxiety, and so much more. These are just a few symptoms that went hand-in-hand with my diagnosis of depression. The amygdala, thalamus, and hippocampus are three regions of the brain that are affected by depressive disorder. Each of these areas are activated when sensory feelings are registered in the brain. When exposed to depression, feelings such as sorrow and anger appear and cause the brain to put out an ongoing feeling of these unpleasant feelings in these regions. Depression can be extremely hard to recover from and requires a lot of mental therapy to shake this disease. One way to jump start the process is medication. Medication for depression is known to have a lot of try and fails among patients because each person reacts to certain medications differently. Personally, it took three different medications before I found one that worked for me and helped me feel better. Celexa, Cymbalta, Zoloft, Lexapro, and Prozac are a few of the most common antidepressants. Depression is a very serious disease which should never be taken lightly and should always be addressed in the early stages. There are so many ways to find help if someone is suffering. If you or someone you know is suffering from depression and or suicidal thoughts, a helpline is always readily available at 1-800-273-8255. Part Two Cognitive therapy is a view that assumes the person needing help is at fault for thinking negatively about situations or events. People with severe depression can be guilty of blaming their problems on the external world instead of taking responsibility for having bad thoughts about things which causes them to sink further into a depressive state. Cognitive therapists focus on figuring out the areas of an individual’s brain that causes them to have psychological problems. When the therapist is able to figure out the unhealthy patterns, they focus on how to change these patterns. Personally, a lot of depressive episodes came from creating the negative situations myself. At the time, I wasn’t able to see that I was subconsciously creating these issues in my head but with therapy, I was able to change my way of thinking when I started heading down a path of provoking my depression. “The fundamental principle behind cognitive therapy is that a thought precedes a mood, and that both are interrelated with a person’s environment, physical reaction, and subsequent behavior. Therefore, changing a thought that arises in a given situation will change mood, behavior, and physical reaction,” (Rupke, Blecke, Renfrow, 2006). Aaron T. Beck was able to realize that depressed people had a tendency to have a negative view on the past, present, and future which caused them to have unhealthy views of life. Beck created a three-step cognitive therapy that helped patients find a method behind what caused them to have negative thoughts, how to change those thoughts, and how this method helped created a more stable and happy mood. Cognitive therapy has been proven to be very beneficial in the process of treating depression and causing patients to think more positively. Works Cited Harvard Health Publishing. (2009, June). What causes depression? Retrieved April 24, 2018, fromhttps://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/what-causes-depression Rupke, S. J., Blecke, D., & Renfrow, M. (2006, January 01). Cognitive Therapy for Depression. Retrieved April 24, 2018, from https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p83.html

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